What is Hair Transplant?
Hair transplant is a surgical procedure, wherein your own natural hair is taken from the back of your head and transplanted in the bald areas. The hair at the back of your head do not go bald, as they do not have receptors for DHT hormone that causes hair loss. Hence all hair transplant techniques utilise those hair to cover the existing bald patches.
Can Body hair be utilized for hair transplant?
Yes. For people who have a smaller donor area (from where the hair are taken) or less density in the donor site, body hair from the chest, beard can be used effectively.
Types of Hair Transplant techniques:
Advanced hair transplant techniques use single hair follicles as that gives the most natural look. There are two methods of taking out these follicles from the back of the head. One of them is called ‘Follicular Unit Transplantation” or FUT. In this technique, a strip of scalp skin along with intact follicles is cut under anaesthesia. From this strip, single hair follicles are separated under microscope. Then these single hair follicles are transplanted in the areas of hair loss. The strip area is stitched up and the hair that grows out eventually covers the scar completely.
The second method is “Follicular Unit Extraction” or FUE. In this technique, single follicles are directly removed one by one from the back of the head. Then these single follicles are transplanted in the areas of hair loss.
So which is the best technique for hair transplant?
Both these advanced hair transplant techniques have their pros and cons. FUT hair transplant has the advantage of being able to take on larger areas at one go and preserving the donor area (from where the hair are taken) for future transplants, if needed. This is an important requirement in advanced hair loss cases. Whereas FUE hair transplant has the advantage of minimal scarring at the donor area and faster healing time.
While a detailed analysis and consultation is needed to decide this in individual cases, broadly if one is likely to require more number of hair follicles in this session of hair transplant or more sessions of hair transplant in future, it is preferable to go in for FUT technique. For all other cases of hair transplant, FUE is preferable.
Myths about Hair transplant
Myth 1: When I do hair transplant, I walk out with full head of hair.
Fact: This is not at all the case. Hair transplant is a surgical procedure where your own hair is transplanted from the back of the head to the front hairline and /or the crown area.
These transplanted hair due to the inevitable trauma of relocation, fall off within first 2 weeks. However, the follicles take root and new hair starts growing within 3 months, and it continues to grow and thicken over the next 6-9 months provided the right nutrients and other care is taken.
So the final result of hair transplant is visible after 6 months.
Also, as hair transplant is the process of transplanting existing hair, it cannot create new hair. The amount of hair transplanted is dependent of the amount of hair available in the donor area. This is usually not adequate to provide full head coverage in very advanced cases of balding.
Myth 2: Hair Transplant is the final recourse for anyone suffering from hair loss.
Fact: Despite the hype about the hair transplants, it is important to remember that hair transplant is a surgical procedure and not a hair regrowth treatment. Like any surgery, hair transplant too is associated with its own risks including bleeding and infection. Common side effects of hair transplant include temporary swelling, transient phase of hair loss - also called ‘shock loss’.
As a rule of thumb, if you are at a stage, where your new hair can naturally regrow, hair transplant is not for you. You should go in for hair regrowth treatments.
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