What is the difference between Patterned baldness and Androgenetic alopecia?
Androgenetic Alopecia and Patterned Baldness are the same conditions. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common type of baldness characterized by progressive hair loss. It is characterized by stepwise miniaturization of the hair follicle, resulting from alteration in the hair cycle dynamics, leading to vellus transformation of terminal hair follicle.
DHT (Dihydro-testosterone or male hormone) converts the thick terminal hair into thin miniaturised vellus hair
What does it look like?
In men, this condition is also known as male-pattern baldness. Hair is lost in a well-defined pattern, beginning above both temples. Over time, the hairline recedes to form a characteristic "M" shape. Hair also thins at the crown (near the top of the head), often progressing to partial or complete baldness.
The pattern of hair loss in women differs from male-pattern baldness. In women, the hair becomes thinner all over the head, and the hairline does not recede. Androgenetic alopecia in women rarely leads to total baldness.
Why does it occur?
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a multifactorial disorder caused by interactions between several genes, hormones and environmental factors.
What are the treatment options?
- Medical management- Minoxidil, Finasteride
- Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy
- Hair transplant
- Cosmetic camouflage like Scalp Micropigmentation (SMP), wigs
Advanced FUE Hair Transplant - Pic courtesy Dr Sapna Solanki, Hair transplant surgeon at Clear Skin Clinic